We, the foreign ministers of Germany, Canada, France, Italy, the United Kingdom and Ukraine as well as the representatives of South Korea, the United States and Switzerland as well as the High Representative of the European Union, having expressed our deep concern at the threats to the safety and security of nuclear installations intended for peaceful purposes in Ukraine and to their personnel, threats which significantly increase the risk of nuclear accident.
We may take note of the 2009 IAEA General Conference unanimous decision GC(53)/DEC/13 titled “Prohibition of Attack or Threat of Armed Attack Against Nuclear Facilities in Operation or Under Construction” which recognized the importance given to the safety, security and physical protection of nuclear material and facilities intended for peaceful purposes, as well as IAEA General Conference resolutions GC(XXIX)/RES/444 and GC(XXXIV)/RES/533, regarding armed att*cks or threats of armed att*cks against nuclear installations intended for peaceful purposes.
We emphasize the importance of the IAEA Director General’s “seven indispensable pillars of nuclear safety and security”, expressed in his statement to the IAEA Board of Governors on 3 March 2022.
These “seven essential pillars of nuclear safety and security” derived from existing nuclear safety standards and nuclear security guidelines are as follows:
1. The physical integrity of the installations – reactors, fuel pools and radioactive waste stores – must be maintained;
2. All safety and security systems and equipment must be functional at all times;
3. Operating personnel must be able to perform their safety and security related duties and be able to make decisions without undue pressure;
4. There must be a secure off-site power supply from the grid for all nuclear sites;
5. There must be uninterrupted supply logistics chains and transportation to and from venues;
6. There must be effective on-site and off-site radiation monitoring systems and emergency preparedness and response measures; and
7. There must be reliable communications with the regulator and others.
We intend to continue to support the IAEA in helping to facilitate the implementation of these principles in Ukraine, while respecting Ukrainian sovereignty, including through the plan of assistance to Ukraine for safety and IAEA security. The Russian Federation must immediately withdraw its troops from the territory of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders and accept Ukrainian territorial integrity and sovereignty. If the Russian Federation were to conduct so-called referendums in the occupied territories of Ukraine, we reaffirm that these would be devoid of any legal and political effect, including on the status of the ZNPP.
We strongly emphasize that Russia’s seizure and militarization of the Zaporizhia nuclear power plant is the root cause of today’s nuclear safety and security threats. We recall that the accumulated risk of a nuclear accident will become dangerously high as long as Russia is present on the Zaporizhia site.
We salute the work of the Director General to follow up on his visit to the site of the Zaporijia power plant and the proposals included in his report. We reaffirm our support for resolution GOV/2022/58 adopted on September 15 by the IAEA Board of Governors.
We support the importance of respecting international humanitarian law and renewing efforts aimed at the prompt strengthening of the international framework for the protection of nuclear installations intended for peaceful purposes, including in times of armed conflict.
As a first step, we stand ready to reaffirm the importance of the “seven indispensable pillars of nuclear safety and security” in the relevant forums, in particular the IAEA and the United Nations, as appropriate.
In due course, we also stand ready to review lessons learned in Ukraine to help the IAEA and the international community prepare for and respond to future events and anticipate new threats, such as cyberatt*cks.
#Joint #statement #Highlevel #meeting #safety #security #civilian #nuclear #facilities #times #armed #conflict #York #21.09.22